Turkish Bath or "hammam," owes its origin to the Roman therms. The name "hammam" comes from the Arabic word "ham" - hot.
Hammam was heated with a large boiler with water. The vapor formed by boiling water, fed through small holes in the walls.
The interior of the Turkish baths have always been a luxury, because the Prophet Mohammed has announced hike in the bath
mandatory, saying, "Clean - half of faith." Another of the sayings of Muhammad, "The heat increases the fertility of the
hammam and, accordingly, the number of devotees of Islam." So Turkish baths were the mass distribution. Subsequently, Turkey
has developed a special philosophy of "hammam," it was related to the special traditions and rituals.
Turkish Baths in the East has always been considered a source of enjoyment. Often under the hammams rebuilt temples of other
religions and in some places the surviving Roman baths. The main feature of this type of bath is a special temperature mode.
It's not as hot as usual bath or sauna (temperatures range from 30 to 55 degrees) is ideal for people who do not like or can
not tolerate high temperatures. It also provides a Turkish bath in popularity among women.
Women in the Turkish baths always built next to the male, are a source of water supply and heat, but different inputs. In the
case of a local community or the developer, in modern terms, the construction of a separate bath was not enough, a room was built.
For women, stood a single day (and often they share with men the odd and even) in which the front door just across the rope hangs
a sign, "Women's Day." This applies to a large number of Muslim countries in the Middle East and Central Asia.
One of the distinguishing features of the hammam is the presence of not only the Turkish bath, and a few
related procedures, such as different types of massage, exfoliation, and very often for us a traditional sauna.
For Turkish women visit saunas represents a single ritual, part of public life, a place where you can
discuss business, share news, gossip. Every Turk is obliged once a week to let his wife in the bath. Women are always going
to the hammam on a holiday is dressed up in beautiful clothes, they took with them sweets. In the hammam, they were drinking
coffee, discussing their husbands and other men, often spending the whole day there from morning till night.
Virtually every village in the Turkish steam bath can be found. In the capital of Turkey - Ankara are about a hundred. The most
famous baths - Dzhagaloglu Hammami, which according to the owners washed English King Edward, Kaiser Wilhelm, Franz Liszt.
In the city of Bursa are the so-called Old Baths ("Eski kaplydzha"), which were built during the reign of Justinian, and are
considered the most beautiful baths in Turkey. According to many physicians, "hammam" have a beneficial effect on human health.
For the first time in Europe, Turkish baths originated in Germany, England (great service in promoting the Turkish Baths in
England owned by Richard Barter), and America in the XIX century. At the time, wrote that the Turkish baths are the means of
many ailments. Many experts argued that the Turkish baths help in the treatment of diseases such as colds, asthma,
bronchitis, fever and cholera.